Fizical exercise is a systematic and conscious action to improve the physical development of people’s motor capacity. Physical exercise can also be defined as an activity aimed at improving health and physical condition.
Exercise is important for maintaining mental and physical health. Whatever it is, from easy to difficult to physical exercise, it should be done regularly.
Fizical exercise and sport have been maintained in various forms over time; on the one hand, by the power of tradition, of habit, on the other hand, by the natural need of the body for bodily activity. In the meantime, exercise has become a social phenomenon leading to the formation of motor skills in the service of production and organization of defense, it has meant the perfection of man’s biological nature and has become an important component of the individual’s life.
Bodybuilding exercises are movements made against resistances, namely, free weights, weight, appliances, elastic bands. The purpose of these exercises is to increase the muscle mass, increase strength, tone the muscles, improve sports performance
Fizical exercise features:
- Influences both the biological and psychological spheres;
- repeated systematically according to objectives;
- can be adapted to gender, age, degree of physical training;
- The content of exercise is determined by body movements or segments
- quantified by volume, intensity and complexity.
Basic exercises are exercises that involve multiple joints and more muscle groups and are usually performed with free weights (weightlifts, dumbbells). They aim to increase muscle mass and strength, building the foundation of muscle groups. In genuflexions, for example, thigh, knee and ankle joints are involved. Genuflexions are used primarily for the development of the quadriceps, but also stimulate femoral biceps, buttocks and gambles.
Insulation exercises are exercises involving a single joint and a single muscle group, and are usually performed on appliances or in some cases with free weights. They are especially used during muscular definition periods. You do not have to try to use large loads, but focus on a very strict form of execution.
Isotonic exercises (“same tone”) refers to the complete contraction of the muscles. These types of exercises can be performed to develop certain muscle groups and increase joint flexibility, stretch ligaments and improve blood circulation.
Isometric exercises (“the same length”) usually involve the application of muscle force against resistance, with the muscles not changing their length. Examples are exercising the muscular force on a wall or holding the sideways, motionless. These exercises help strengthen the arms, shoulders, chest and legs.
“Aerobic” means “with oxygen” and aerobic exercises involve more muscles engaged in continuous activity. Most cultures, like other active people who regularly train, perform certain types of aerobics. The goal is to burn as much fat as possible, as well as a proper diet. Aerobic exercises help the whole body: it strengthens and strengthens the muscles and other parts of the body that are required, improves the performance of the lungs and muscles by means of which breathing is achieved and increases the performance and capabilities of the heart, which, being formed almost exclusively from the muscles, continually demands oxygen.
In English, this English word translates into “stretching,” but has gained in sport a broader meaning, that of “complex stretching exercises, with the ability to improve the flexibility and mobility of the body.” Stretching keeps your muscles supple, prepares you for movement, and helps you make the daily shift from sedentary to energetic activity without exaggerated effort. Stretching exercises are excellent for those who want to increase their muscle mass. Even in the absence of weight training, stretching has the ability to maintain strength and muscle mass to an acceptable level, and for those who train, stretching exercises are recommended because it improves mobility, prevents injuries, reduces the intensity of muscle fever and hurts recovery, all which in the end means increasing the overall performance and implicitly the muscle mass. Stretching involves stretching movements of the moving parts of the joints and muscles. The joints extend to the limit. Stretching is performed after a pre-heating of the entire muscles. It gradually increases muscle tone, stretches and strengthens muscle fibers and periarticular tissues (tendons). Stretching exercises increase muscle strength and strength, stimulate blood circulation and nutrients, leading to the strengthening of the bone system.